Fusion: Practice and Applications

Journal DOI

https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA

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2692-4048ISSN (Online) 2770-0070ISSN (Print)

A Novel Approach for Minimizing Response Time in IoT using Adaptive Algorithm

Hitesh Kumar Sharma , Samta Jain Goyal , Sumit Kumar , Abhishek Kumar

This research offers four work and computer tool setups. The dynamic Resource Allocation Algorithm is crucial to the system.  This lets you manage changing supply. Once the PWMA knows how much work is coming up, it may divide resources and plan. The Load Balancing Algorithm (LBA) distributes work evenly to avoid over- or under-utilization and it also provides access content faster via the Adaptive Caching Algorithm (ACA). The proposed system surpasses the top alternative in several domains, such as data transmission, reaction time, energy conservation, load distribution effectiveness, and recovery time from failures. This is because the suggested solution incorporates many disparate approaches. Graphs and charts are visual representations that effectively illustrate the similarities and differences between the two methodologies. The hybrid technique is especially beneficial when the workload is unpredictable and prone to fluctuations. To do this, it instructs you on the fundamentals of efficient and adaptable computer resource management.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.140201

Vol. 14 Issue. 2 PP. 08-25, (2024)

Enhanced Recognition of Handwritten Marathi Compound Characters using CNN-SVM Hybrid Approach

Ashwini Patil , Puneet Dwivedi

This study presents a hybrid recognition system for multi-class compound Marathi characters, which addresses the problem of handwritten Marathi character recognition. The methodology efficiently bridges the gap between feature extraction and classification by integrating a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM). The first step is gathering and preprocessing a wide range of handwritten Marathi compound characters that are written in different styles. Using conventional supervised learning methods, the CNN is trained on this dataset, paying special attention to data augmentation and validation in order to reduce overfitting. High-level features taken from the final fully connected layer of the CNN are fed into an SVM classifier in the next step. By using these features in its training, the SVM improves prediction accuracy. For multi-class classification, the one-vs-all method is used. The hybrid CNN-SVM algorithm demonstrates its effectiveness in the crucial phases of feature extraction and classification by identifying handwritten compound Marathi characters with remarkable accuracy. Evaluation metrics, such as accuracy, precision, recall, F1-score, and confusion matrix analysis, are employed in the process of evaluating the effectiveness of the model. This assessment is carried out on a different testing dataset, offering a thorough examination of the model's functionality. The proposed algorithm demonstrates its superior performance and potential for improved character recognition by achieving training accuracy of 98.60% and validation accuracy of 97.69%. The development of handwriting recognition systems has benefited greatly from this research, especially when it comes to intricate scripts like Marathi. The suggested hybrid algorithm shows encouraging outcomes and has a great deal of potential for use in document processing, natural language comprehension, and character recognition in languages that use the Marathi script. Subsequent efforts will centre on refining the model and investigating ensemble methods to increase the robustness and accuracy of recognition.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.140202

Vol. 14 Issue. 2 PP. 26-42, (2024)

Analysis of EEG signals with the use of wavelet transform for accurate classification of Alzheimer Disease, Frontotemporal Dementia and healthy subjects using Machine Learning Models

Akanksha Parihar , Preety D Swami

Dementia is a brain disorder, if not prevented; takes the form of various types of diseases that have no cure yet. Accurate classification of multiple types of dementia diseases is required to provide proper medication to the patient so that growth of that disease can be delayed. This study analyzes EEG signal for the classification of multiple dementia diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Fronto-temporal dementia (FTD) and control normal (CN) subjects using machine learning (ML) algorithms. Each of the 19 channels of EEG dataset is analyzed separately in this work to perform the classification. Combination of parameters like Hjorth Activity, Mobility and Complexity along with kurtosis value of the data has been extracted in time-frequency domain for each EEG frequency band (Delta, Theta, Alpha, Beta and Gamma) is applied to the machine learning algorithms. This research is focused on classification of multiple dementia classes (ADvsFTD) as well as three-way (ADvsFTDvsCN) classification. This research is validated using public EEG dataset with 23 participants of each category. Best classification result is achieved using random forest classifier and leave-one-subject-out (LOSO) cross validation method. The three-way classification i.e., ADvsCNvsFTD achieved best accuracy of 75.29%, whereas binary classifications i.e. ADvsCN, ADvsFTD and CNvsFTD achieved best accuracy of 88.90%, 88.44% and 84.10% respectively. The proposed framework shows better results than existing work on dementia classification using machine learning. The results obtained from proposed framework showed that combination of EEG frequency band features can be utilized for the classification of multiple dementia diseases with greater accuracy.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.140203

Vol. 14 Issue. 2 PP. 43-55, (2024)

Performance Evaluation and Real-world Challenges of IoT-Based Smart Fuel Filling Systems with Embedded Intelligence

Muneer Sadeq ALqazan , Mohamed Ben Ammar , Monji Kherallah , Fahmi Kammoun

Integrating the Internet of Things (IoT) with smart fueling systems has the potential to revolutionize the fuel industry, leading to better resource management and increased operational efficiency. With the increasing integration of machine learning techniques, these systems are capable of self-learning, adaptation, and predictive decision making. However, the effectiveness of these advanced systems in real-life situations remains an area of intense interest and research. in operational efficiency and reduces resource waste by 10% compared to conventional systems. Additionally, system bottlenecks were identified mainly in data trans- mission  (delayed by up to 20% in high  traffic cases) and hardware malfunctions due  to environmental factors. End user feedback  indicates a satisfaction level of 85%, with an emphasis on system responsiveness and fuel prediction recommendations. Challenges mainly come from software issues, unwanted environmental interference and  ’some initial resistance from users accustomed to conventional systems. However, with data in hand, the benefits of integrating intelligence into IoT-based fueling systems offer a sustainable and efficient future for the fuel industry. Recommendations are made to improve data transmission channels, develop  robust hardware for extreme conditions, and conduct targeted user education campaigns.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.140204

Vol. 14 Issue. 2 PP. 56-67, (2024)

An ICT-based Framework for Innovative Integration between BIM and Lean Practices Obtaining Smart Sustainable Cities

Fawaz Saleh , Ashraf Elhendawi , Abdul Salam Darwish , Peter Farrell

Smart sustainable cities rely on the latest technologies and apply recent knowledge like Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), BIM, and lean construction to expand people's eminence of life, smooth urban maneuvers and facilities more competent, and develop their competitiveness while confirming that they achieve the economic, social, environmental, and cultural demands of current and forthcoming generations. This paper explores the synergies between Building Information Modelling (BIM) visualisation and Lean construction practices to enhance Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry performance. A structured questionnaire was distributed among BIM and lean experts and analysed by SPSS. The study uses descriptive and correlation analyses to assess ten key lean practices, revealing high industry adoption and favorable mean scores. Notably, BIM-enhanced clash detection and coordination lead with a score of 4.4 out of 5. Correlation analysis establishes significant positive associations between BIM visualisation and practices such as just-in-time production, value stream mapping, lean pull systems, work sequencing, standardised work, and continuous improvement. The findings accentuate the pivotal role of BIM in optimising lean practices, offering valuable insights for practitioners seeking to elevate AEC industry performance through strategic integration. Future studies endeavors are recommended to investigate several alternative avenues to enhance the integration between BIM and Lean practices in the AEC industry. Furthermore, the forthcoming researchers are advised to validate the proposed framework.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.140205

Vol. 14 Issue. 2 PP. 68-75, (2024)

Leveraging Advanced Machine Learning Methods to Enhance Multilevel Fusion Score Level Computations

Rajesh Tiwari , Satyanand Singh , G. Shanmugaraj , Suresh Kumar Mandala , Ch. L. N. Deepika , Bhanu Pratap Soni , Jiuliasi V. Uluiburotu

This research introduces a novel technique for determining numerous fusion score levels that works with many datasets and purposes. Each of the four system pieces works together. These are Feature Engineering, Ensemble Learning, deep neural networks (DNNs), and Transfer Learning. In feature engineering, raw data is totally transformed. This stage stresses the importance of PCA and MI for predictive power. AdaBoost is added during ensemble learning. It repeatedly teaches weak learners and adjusts weights depending on errors to create a strong ensemble model. Weighted input processing, ReLU activation, and dropout layers smoothly integrate DNNs. These reveal minor data patterns and correlations. In transfer learning (fine-tuning), a trained model is modified for the feature-engineered dataset. In comparative testing, the recommended technique had greater accuracy, precision, recall, F1 score, AUC-ROC, and training duration. Efficiency measures reduce reasoning time, memory, parameter count, model size, and energy utilization. Visualizations demonstrate resource consumption, method scores, and reasoning time distribution in research. This mathematical framework improves multilayer fusion score level computations, performs well, and is versatile in many scenarios, making it a good choice for large and diverse datasets.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.140206

Vol. 14 Issue. 2 PP. 76-91, (2024)