Fusion: Practice and Applications

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2692-4048ISSN (Online) 2770-0070ISSN (Print)

Image Steganography Based Spatial and Transform Domain Techniques: A Review

Amar Y. Hussien

The amount of data shared online today is increasing. Data security is therefore cited as a significant problem while processing data exchanges through the Internet. Everyone needs the security of their data during communication processes. The science and art of steganography is the concealment of one audio, message, video, or image by embedding another audio, message, video, or image in its place. It is employed to protect sensitive data against malicious assaults. In order to detect the numerous methods employed with digital steganography, this study seeks to identify the primary image-based mediums. As a result, in the spatial domain of the digital medium, the LSB approach was mostly employed, whereas in the transform domain, DTC and DWT were separated as the primary techniques. Due to its simplicity and large embedding capacity, the spatial domain was the most frequently used domain in digital steganography.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.080101

Vol. 8 Issue. 1 PP. 08-15, (2022)

A New Data Fusion Model for Medical Image Encryption in IoT Environment

Reem Atassi , Fuad Alhosban , Milan Dordevic

An improvement of the Internet of Things (IoT) was forecast for changing the healthcare industry and is generating the increase of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT). The IoT revolution was surpassed the present-day human service with promise social prospects, mechanical, and financial. During this condition, it can be essential for framing an effectual approach for guaranteeing the safety and reliability of t patient’s symptomatic information which are transmitted and received in IoT criteria. This study introduces a new data fusion model in IoT environment. The proposed model is called SSOECC-MIC model focuses on the design of effective encryption scheme with optimal key generation process for IoT environment. To achieve this, the SSOECC-MIC model designs an ECC model for the encryption and decryption of medical images effectively. To further improve the security performance of the ECC model, the optimal key generation process is carried out by the use of swallow swarm optimization (SSO) algorithm. For examining the enhanced performance of the SSOECC-MIC model, a wide ranging experimental analysis is carried out. The experimental outcomes reported the betterment of the SSOECC-MIC model over recent models.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.080102

Vol. 8 Issue. 1 PP. 16-26, (2022)

Intelligent Red Deer Algorithm based Energy Aware Load Balancing Scheme for Data Fusion in Cloud Environment

Abedallah Zaid Abualkishik , Rasha Almajed , William Thompson

A cloud computing (CC) method was effectual if its sources were used in optimal way and an effectual consumption is attained by using and preserving proper management of cloud sources. Resource management can be attained through adoption of powerful source scheduling, allotment, and robust source scalability methods. The balancing of load in cloud is performed at VM level or physical machine level. A task use sources of VM and whenever a bunch of tasks reaches VM, the sources will be exhausted means no source is now existing for handling the extra task requests. This article develops an Intelligent Red Deer Algorithm based Energy Aware Load Balancing Scheme for data fusion in Cloud Environment, called IRDA-EALBS model. The presented IRDA-EALBS model majorly concentrates on the balancing of load among the virtual machines (VMs) in the cloud environment. The IRDA-EALBS model is mainly stimulated from the nature of red deers during a breading period. In addition, the IRDA-EALBS model derived an objective function to minimize energy consumption and maximize makespan. To demonstrate the enhanced performance of the IRDA-EALBS model, a wide range of experimental analyses is carried out. The simulation results highlighted the enhanced outcomes of the IRDA-EALBS model over other load balancers in the cloud environment.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.080103

Vol. 8 Issue. 1 PP. 27-38, (2022)

Machine Learning Data Fusion for Plant Disease Detection and Classification

El Mehdi Cherrat , Amine Saddik

  It is crucial to quickly identify plant diseases since they impede the development of affected plants. Despite the widespread use of Machine Learning (ML) models for this purpose, the recent advances in a subset of ML known as Deep Learning (DL) suggest that this field of study has much room for improvement in terms of detection and classification accuracy. To identify and categorize plant diseases, a wide variety of established and customized DL architectures are deployed with several visual analysis methods. In this study, we use deep learning techniques to create a model for a convolutional neural network that can identify and diagnose plant diseases using very basic photos of healthy and sick plant leaves. The models were trained using an open library of 20639 photos that included both healthy and diseased plants across 15 different classifications. Some model architectures were trained, with the highest performance obtaining a success rate of 97.70% in detecting the correct [plant, illness] pair (or healthy plant). Due to its impressive success rate, the model is a valuable advising or early warning tool, and its technique might be developed to help an integrated plant disease diagnosis system function in actual production settings.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.080104

Vol. 8 Issue. 1 PP. 39-49, (2022)

Breast Cancer Detection Using Deep Learning and Feature Decision Level Fusion

Surinder Kaur , Javalkar Dinesh Kumar , Gopal Chaudhary , Manju Khari

Among women, breast cancer has a high incidence and high fatality rate. Due to a lack of early detection facilities and barriers to accessing technological improvements in battling this illness, mortality rates are disproportionately greater in underdeveloped countries. Biopsies done by trained pathologists are the only certain approach to diagnosing cancer. With the use of computer-aided diagnostic algorithms, pathologists may improve their efficiency, objectivity, and consistency in making diagnoses. A key goal of this research is to create an accurate automated system for diagnosing breast cancer that can function in the current clinical setting. In this work, we offer an algorithm for the identification of breast cancer that uses asymmetric analysis as the basic choice and decision-level fusion. Fusion of local nuclei features extracted using convolutional neural network (CNN) models pre-trained on the database constitutes the picture feature representation. The dataset is accessible for public use, and the results are evaluated by running 25 random trials with an 80%-20% split between train and test. Overall, the suggested framework was 86%. The proposed framework is shown to outperform numerous current methods and to provide results on par with the state-of-the-art techniques without requiring extensive computing resources. Breast cancer detection from histological pictures may be greatly aided by the use of this qualitative approach based on transfer learning.

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Doi: https://doi.org/10.54216/FPA.080105

Vol. 8 Issue. 1 PP. 50-59, (2022)