1 Affiliation : Computer Science Department, Faculty of Computers and Information, Fayoum University, Egypt
Email : email@example.com
Many pests affect plants, and these have a negatively affected agricultural production and cause a lack of quality. These causes an economic loses and high poverty rates. Many types of pests infest trees like insects, viruses, bacteria, and harmful parasitic plants. One of the most dangerous insects that infest trees such as [date, canary, sago, oil, coconut, etc…] is the Red Palm Weevil (RPW). RPW is currently considered as a global pest, killing trees, increases the tree temperature and causes water stress. It lays the eggs inside the trunk of the tree and starts feeding on the tissue of the plant, then begins to move inside the tree and still inside it until the tree dies, then begin move to the neighboring plants. The early detection of this destructive weevil is not easy; because the visible infection symptoms appear only when the infection stage is dangerous. There are many detection methods for discovering the infected trees, a Visual Inspection, Acoustic Detection, Chemical Detection, and Thermal remote sensing. In this research, we will discuss the different methods used for the early detection of this harmful weevil.
Red Palm Weevil , Visual Inspection , Chemical Detection , Acoustic , Thermal Imaging , Early Detection.
 V. Soroker et al, “Early Detection and Monitoring of RPW Approaches and Callenges ,”(2013).
 Nakash, J., Osem, Y., Kehat, M.: A suggestion to use dogs for detecting red palm weevil (rhynchophorus ferrugineus) infestation in date palms in israel. Phytoparasitica 28(2), 153– 155 (2000).
 Anis koubaa et al, “ Smart Palm: An IOT Framework for Red Palm Weevil Early Detection” (2019).
 Ali Ahmed et al “ Detection of Palm Tree Pests Using Thermal Imaging : A Review, pp 253- 270 , (2019).
 Betty Martin et al, “Studies On Acoustic Activity Of Red Palm Weevil The Deadly Pest On Coconut Crops.” Procedia Materials Science 10 ( 2015 ) 455 – 466.
 J. Faleiro and J. A. Kumar, “A rapid decision sampling plan for implementing area–wide management of the red palm weevil, rhynchophorus ferrugineus, in coconut plantations of india,” Journal of Insect Science, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 15, 2008.
 Cohen, Y. et al, Use of aerial thermal imaging to estimate water status of palm trees. Prec. Agric. 13(1), 123–140 (2012)
 k.Tofailli et al, The Early Detection of Red Palm Weevil, a new Method pp. 441-449 , (2010)
 Schlyter,F.: Detection dogs recognize pheromone from spruce bark beetle and follow it source. In: ESA 60th Annual Meeting Knoxville (2012)
 Faleiro, J.R. 2006. A review of the issues and management of the red palm weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Rhynchophoridae) in coconut and date palm
 Siriwardena, K.A.P.; Fernando, L.C.P.; Nanayakkara, N.; Perera, K.F.G.; Kumara, A.D.N.T.; Nanayakkara, T. Portable acoustic device for detection of coconut palms infested by rynchophorus ferrugineus (coleoptera: curculionidae). Crop Prot. 2010, 29, 25–29.
 Control and Pest Management of Red Palm Weevil (Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus) with Bioacoustic Methods. 2012.
 Gutiérrez, A.; Ruiz, V.; Moltó, E.; Tapia, G.; Téllez, M. del M. Development of a bioacoustic sensor for the early detection of red palm weevil (rhynchophorus ferrugineus olivier). Crop Prot. 2010, 29, 671–676.
 R. Vadivambal & Digvir S. Jayas, “Applications of Thermal Imaging in Agriculture and Food Industry—A Review“. Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (2010). 186-199.
 Alchanatis, V., Cohen, Y., Levin, N., Golomb, O., Soroker, V.: Detection of red palm weevil infected trees using thermal imaging. In: Precision Agriculture ’15, p. 322 (2015)