Journal of Cybersecurity and Information Management

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2690-6775ISSN (Online) 2769-7851ISSN (Print)

The impact of AI-based cyber security on the banking and financial sectors

Haya saleh alrafi , Shailendra Mishra

BD and AI are now transforming the banking and finance industry at a very fast pace, which is leading to change in the banking and finance institutions. This change is making them better, customer-oriented and financially rewarding organizations. Big data and AI have been useful in the banking and financial institutions to assess and manage the risks. Through the analysis of big amounts of unstructured data in real time, AI algorithms are capable of identifying risks. This makes it easy to put preventive measures in place to avert the risks. In addition, big data and AI have come a long way in solving the problem of fraud in banking and finance. This paper showed how big data and AI improve risk management, Cyber threat, and fraud in banking and finance by using data analysis and data pattern identification in real-time. That is why our work emphasizes the importance of implementing secure privacy and explaining the AI algorithm to eliminate ethical and Cyber security issues. Using analytical approaches, AI can identify the transactions with the help of comparison with the previous data and the behavioral characteristics related to the fraud. This approach to fraud prevention has been effective in reducing losses while at the same time improving the customer’s confidence in the company. On the other hand, there are disadvantages of big data and AI such as privacy, security, and ethical issues. Measures that can be used to safeguard customer information have to be employed in order to effectively safeguard the consumer data. Furthermore, transparency and accountability of the AI algorithms are crucial in order to avoid unfair decisions.

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Vol. 14 Issue. 1 PP. 08-19, (2024)

Anomaly-Based Intrusion Detection Systems Using Machine Learning

Alsamir Alqahtani , Hanan AlShaher

With the increased use of the Internet, unauthorized access has increased, allowing malicious users to hack networks and carry out malicious activities. One of the essential modern approaches in today's cybersecurity efforts is the limitation of access by suspect users. In this study, the approach toward real-time intrusion detection was to consider behavioral patterns of past users on the network. We classified the users as two categories: intervention and non-intervention, and employed the machine learning techniques Artificial Neural Networks [ANN], Support Vector Machines [SVM], and Decision Trees [DT]. The Decision Trees model was chosen as it had a mature capability concerning complex pattern recognition and an enhancement capability of the intrusion detection systems. The efficiency of these algorithms is examined via the key performance metrics: confusion matrix, F1-score, and Area Under the Curve [AUC]. Decision Tree, which came up as the best model for both the training and testing phases, produced an outstanding F1-score of 99.96% and AUC score of 99.93% in the testing phase. SVM and ANN gave good results; the F1 scores of SVM and ANN in the testing phase were 92.76% and 93.33%, while the AUC was 90.57% and 94.78%, respectively. This research will enlighten us on the influence of machine learning on the scope of intrusion detection, fostering more development efforts toward more responsive and dynamic intrusion detection systems. The comparative evaluation of these models will help in providing vital information for the further enhancement of cybersecurity strategies, ensuring better defenses against these ever-evolving cyber threats.

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Vol. 14 Issue. 1 PP. 20-33, (2024)

Securing the Digital Commerce Spectrum and Cyber Security Strategies for Web, E-commerce, M-commerce, and E-mail Security

Rohit Pachlor , R. Mohanraj , K. Sharada , Savya Sachi , K. Neelima , Punyala Ramadevi

Secure protection of sensitive data and financial transactions is of the utmost importance in the dynamic world of online trade. In this study, we present a full-stack security architecture that uses five separate algorithms: ECF, Transaction Anomaly Detection, Adaptive Threat Intelligence, Behavioral Biometric Authentication, and Dynamic Encryption Protocol. By creating encryption keys on the fly while the user logs in, the DEP method lays a solid groundwork for safe data transfer. Behavioral biometric authentication (BBA) uses DEP output to verify users based on their distinct behavior, which is an extra layer of security. By combining both current and past threat information, the ATI algorithm is able to constantly adjust security protocols, providing a preventative shield against new dangers. TAD is an expert at detecting anomalies in online purchases, which helps keep financial transactions honest. When ECF and DEP work together, they filter email content, making communication more secure. Flowcharts help to illustrate the interactions between various algorithms, which helps to understand their operations in detail. Every algorithm's importance is brought to light by an ablation study, which shows how each one contributes and how they all work together to affect the overall security posture. The suggested security framework outperforms the state-of-the-art in terms of efficacy, adaptability, and usability, according to performance evaluations conducted using a number of metrics. These findings can help decision-makers build a strong security plan that is specific to the challenges of online shopping. To conclude, the suggested framework is an integrated and complementary strategy that will strengthen online trade in the face of several cyber dangers while simultaneously protecting the confidentiality, authenticity, and availability of all associated communications and transactions.

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Vol. 14 Issue. 1 PP. 34-49, (2024)

Secure Medical Records Through Big Data Analytics and Blockchain

Hamad Almani , Shailendra Mishra , Aditi Singh

As healthcare shifts to digital platforms, the healthcare sector is suffering from multiple security vulnerabilities that make it vulnerable to various types of cyberattacks. Therefore, robust security solutions need to be implemented to resolve these vulnerabilities. In this context, blockchain technology has emerged as a promising solution in several sectors, including the healthcare sector. This study harnesses blockchain technology to improve medical record management. By integrating blockchain, we address issues like data breaches and inefficient data sharing. The proposed study ensures a seamless health record exchange that is secure, transparent, and beneficial to both patients and healthcare providers. The goal of this study is to empower patients to be more in control of their data while streamlining processes and enhancing security for healthcare institutions. Medical records are increasingly secure, interoperable, and accessible when blockchain technology and big data are used. According to the study, healthcare workers recognize the importance of protecting medical records through blockchain technology and big data, which can improve security, interoperability, and accessibility. This minimizes concerns related to data manipulation while providing a more cost-effective and efficient method of managing medical records. Medical records management is made more cost-effective and efficient by reducing concerns related to data manipulation.

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Vol. 14 Issue. 1 PP. 50-63, (2024)

ML-based Intrusion Detection for Drone IoT Security

Abdullah Al-Fuwaiers , Shailendra Mishra

The integration of drones into various industries brings about cybersecurity challenges due to their reliance on internet connectivity. To address this, we propose a comprehensive cybersecurity architecture leveraging machine learning (ML) algorithms and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies within the Internet of Drones (IoD) framework. Our architecture employs IoT-enabled sensors strategically placed across the drone ecosystem to collect and analyze data on system behaviors, communication patterns, and environmental variables. This data is then processed by a centralized platform equipped with sophisticated ML algorithms for pattern identification and anomaly detection. A key feature is the dynamic learning mechanism, enabling real-time intrusion detection by adapting to evolving threats. By combining IoT and ML, the system proactively defends against cyberattacks by distinguishing between typical and abnormal activity. Emphasis is placed on data integrity and confidentiality through secure communication protocols and cryptographic algorithms. Extensive simulations and tests validate the framework's effectiveness in various IoD scenarios, demonstrating its ability to swiftly identify intrusions and informing future enhancements. This comprehensive study meticulously examines the pressing cybersecurity concerns within the burgeoning drone industry. It proposes a robust architectural framework designed to enhance security for drone-enabled applications in our increasingly interconnected world. By harnessing the synergies between Internet of Things (IoT) and Machine Learning (ML) technologies, this innovative approach aims to fortify the integrity and reliability of drone systems.

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Vol. 14 Issue. 1 PP. 64-78, (2024)

Security Validation in OpenStack: A Comprehensive Evaluation

Mohammed Saffran , Shailendra Mishra

The study delves into the security architecture of OpenStack, an open-source cloud platform that is increasingly prevalent in modern computing environments. Its primary goal is to rigorously assess and confirm hypotheses about OpenStack's security infrastructure while identifying vulnerabilities and potential threats using a comprehensive security evaluation framework. The study utilizes a multifaceted security assessment methodology to analyze both private and public cloud deployments of OpenStack. This methodology involves various techniques, including vulnerability scanning, penetration testing, and analysis of security policies and configurations. Benchmarking against industry standards and previous studies further strengthens the analytical framework, ensuring a thorough exploration of various dimensions of OpenStack security. The assessment revealed that OpenStack has a robust security posture, with vulnerabilities detected in only 2% of cases across both private and public cloud deployments. The study also found a resilience rate of 95% against common security challenges. The comprehensive analysis covered various dimensions of OpenStack security, providing valuable insights into the platform's security resilience and vulnerabilities, thereby significantly contributing to the body of knowledge in cloud security research. The research underscores the importance of implementing robust security protocols in OpenStack environments to ensure the reliability of cloud infrastructure. Regular security updates and adherence to best practices can strengthen the security posture of OpenStack deployments. The insights from this study can inform the development of guidelines and policies aimed at enhancing security practices in cloud computing environments. Overall, the study evaluates the security framework of OpenStack and emphasizes the significance of implementing robust security measures to ensure the dependability of cloud infrastructure, guiding the creation of recommendations and superior practices for strengthening security in cloud computing environments.

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Vol. 14 Issue. 1 PP. 79-95, (2024)