397 234
Full Length Article
Volume 4 , Issue 2, PP: 117-124 , 2020

Title

Proposal for a new theory of neutrosophic application of the evidence in the Ecuadorian criminal process

Authors Names :   Luis Andrés Crespo Berti   1 *  

1  Affiliation :  Level III main professor-researcher and research coordinator of the Faculty of Jurisprudence of the Autonomous Regional University of the Andes, extension Ibarra-Ecuador

    Email :  crespoberti@gmail.com



Doi   :  10.5281/zenodo.3783805


Abstract :

In this article, the main objective was to examine the articulation mechanism of the guiding principles of evidentiary law, the backbone of the criminal procedure directed at judges so as not to make inexcusable mistakes. A new theory called reasoned equivalence based on numerical neutrosophics by considering each evidentiary principle <A> along with its opposite or negation <Anti-A> and the spectrum of neutralities <Neut-A>. The data collection techniques responded to participant observation and the Delphi technique, after having gathered the opinion of 60 collaborating criminal lawyers about the problem through the exercise of the profession. The construction of the instrument fell to an observation guide. The results gave the judicial practice a marked formative value, by establishing relationships between the content of the evidence and the development of oral litigation techniques aimed at the promotion and evacuation of evidence to contribute to a certain criminal process, the evidence necessary to that the judge can come to the knowledge and conviction of the procedural truth of the facts.

Keywords :

Criminal; equivalence reasoned; evidence; method; neutrosophic numbers; process

References :

[1]       R. Roxin, Criminal Procedural Law. Buenos Aire: Editors of the Port, p. 185, 2003.

[2]       P. Ellero, Of certainty in criminal trials or trial of evidence in criminal matters. Translation Adolfo, p. 59, 2016.

[3]       V. Fairén, General theory of procedural law. México: the National Autonomous University of Mexico, pp. 428-429, 1992.

[4]       E. Durán, Guide of criminal procedure law. Ecuador: Edino, 1992.

[5]       O. Maldonado, Venezuelan criminal procedure law. 2nd. ed., Caracas: Hermanos Vadell, 2002.

[6]       P. Zambrano, The illicit proof. Ecuador: Corporación de Estudios y Publicaciones, p. 39, 2009.

[7]       R. Vaca, Ecuadorian criminal procedure law. Tomo II. Quito: Legal Editions EDLE, p. 568, 2015.

[8]       Organic Code of the Judicial Function, Official Register Supplement N° 544 of march 9th, 2009. Last Modified: May 22nd, 2015, Article 109, Numeral 7. Available in: http://www.oas.org/juridico/PDFs/mesicic5_ecu_ane_con_judi_c%C3%B3d_org_fun_jud.pdf

[9]       I. Zeferín, Free and logical test: Mexican accusatory criminal system. Mexico: Institute of the Federal Judicature, 2016.

[10]     M. Vázquez and F. Smarandache, Neutrosofía: new advances in the treatment of uncertainty: Infinite Study, 2018.

[11]     F. Smarandache and M. Leyva-Vázquez, Foundations of logic and neutrosophic sets and their role in artificial intelligence, Neutrosophic Computing and Machine Learning , Vol. 1,pp.3-8, 2018.

[12]     F. Smarandache and T. Paroiu, Neutrosofia ca reflectarea a realităţii neconvenţionale: Infinite Study,  2012.

[13]     O. Mar, I. Santana, and J. Gulín, Algorithm to determine and eliminate neutral nodes in Neutrosophic Cognitive Map. Neutrosophic Computing and Machine Learning, Vol. 8, pp. 4-11, 2019.

[14]     F. Smarandache, n-Valued Refined Neutrosophic Logic and Its Applications in Physics, Progress in Physics, 143-146, Vol. 4, 2013; https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1407/1407.1041.pdf

[15]     Judicial Council, Statistics Center for National Mediation of the Judicial Function, 2018. Available in: http://www.funcionjudicial.gob.ec/mediacion/index.php/2015-04-13-21-21-55/datos-estadisticos

[16]     J. Andréu; A. García and A. Pérez, Evolution of grounded theory as a technique of qualitative analysis. Methodological Notebooks N° 40. Spain: Sociological Research Center, 2007.

[17]     L. Crespo-Berti and M, Benavides, Communication before the citizen: university tools. Luis Mañas Viniegra Sendy Meléndez Chávez Estrella Martínez Rodrigo (Coords.). Spain: Gedisa, 2019.

[18]     F. Smarandache, Neutropsychi personality: a mathematical approach to psychology. 3rd. ed. Belgium: Ponds, p. 14, 2018. 

[19]     F. Smarandache, Introduction to Neutrosophic Sociology (Neutrosociology). Belgium: Ponds, p. 14, 2019.

[20]     Organic Integral Criminal Code of Ecuador, Official Registry N° 107, of December 24, 2019, Article 498.

[21]     N. Morales, N. Sequeira, T. Prendas, and K. Zúñiga, Likert scale: an economic tool. Admin. and Human Resources Management. National Technical University, Alajuela, Costa Rica, December 05, 2016, Availablehttps://www.academia.edu/30246173/ESCALA_DE_LIKERT_UNA_HERRAMIENTA_ECON%C3%93MICA_Contenido

[22]     L. Crespo-Berti, Epitome of contemporary scientific research methodology, Vol. 3. Ecuador: Author, 2017.

[23]     L. Gil, and D. Pascual, Delphi methodology as a study technique for content validity, Annals of Psychology, Vol. 28, N° 3, pp. 1.011-1.020, 2012.

[24]     G. Álvarez; J. Viteri and J. Estupiñán, Method to measure the formation of pedagogical competences through neutrosophic numbers of unique value. Neutrosophic Computing and Machine Learning, Vol. 11, 2020.

[25]     L. Ferrajoli, Rights and guarantees: The law of the weakest. Spain: Trotta, 1999, p. 20.

[26]     L. Crespo-Berti, Competition law: from an economic perspective with a criminal approach. Holopraxis Science, Technology and Innovation, Vol. 3, N° 2, 2019, pp. 31-50.

[27]     P. Gómez, Surrealism: the thought of the object and construction of the world, Colombia: Francisco José de Caldas District University, 2004.