310 181
Full Length Article
Volume 1 , Issue 1, PP: 16-25 , 2020

Title

Blockchain technology in the international supply chains

Authors Names :   Irina V. Pustokhina   1 *  

1  Affiliation :  Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia

    Email :  ivpustokhina@yandex.ru



Doi   :  10.5281/zenodo.3782893


Abstract :

The relevance of the study is that globalization and the integration of the international economy provide excellent opportunities for economic development through international trade and investment. It is necessary to make the product and services more competitive. One of the factors determining the competitiveness of trade is how quickly and how economically the goods can be delivered. 

The competition in the logistics industry is continually growing, which forces participants to improve their efficiency, improve quality and reduce costs. In these conditions effective IT solutions are vital tools for logistics and the ability to manage the logistics processes in the business environment in the context of globalization is a factor of competitiveness. 

Within the framework of this paper, the existing business processes of cargo delivery were described. The study of the process of interaction of international supply chain participants made it possible to identify the ineffectiveness of existing processes to understand what can be replaced and corrected with the introduction of blockchain technology. The main reason of inefficiency is the low level of business processes digitalization. The cases of existing blockchain projects for the logistics industry were investigated. The article provides possible cases of using blockchain for the logistics industry.

Keywords :

international trade , supply chain , efficiency , cargo , delivery , transportation , logistics , business process , document , payment.

References :

[1]       Gurtu A., Johny J. (2019) Potential of blockchain technology in supply chain management: a literature review. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 49 (9), 881-900.

[2]       Perboli G., Musso S., Rosano M. (2018) Blockchain in logistics and supply chain: a lean approach for designing real-world use cases. IEEE Access, 6, 62018-62028. 

[3]       Gouesbet G., Weill M.E. (1984) Complexities and entropies of periodic series with application to the transition to turbulence in the logistic map. Physical Review A, 30 (3), 1442-1448. https://journals.aps.org/pra/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevA.30.1442

[4]       Casino F., Patsakis C., Dasaklis T.K. (2019) A systematic literature review of blockchain-based applications: current status, classification and open issues. Telematics and Informatics, 36, 55-81.

[5]       Pathak S.D., Day J.M., Nair A., Sawaya W.J., Kristal M.M. (2007) Complexity and adaptivity in supply networks: building supply network theory using a complex adaptive system perspective. Decision Sciences.

[6]       USAID. Role of transportation and logistics on international trade,2003.

[7]       Ease of Doing Business Worlds Regions. The World bank. http://www.doingbusiness.org/data/exploretopics/trading-across-borders

[8]       OECD (2015), OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2015, OECD Publishing, Paris OualidKherbasha, Marian LiviuMocana. Review of Logistics and Transport Sector as a Factor of Globalization // Procedia Economics and Finance 27.

[9]       Institute cargo clauses (A) CL.3821/1/2009.

[10]     Transel. Cargo Placement at Temporary Storage Warehouses.http://en.transel.org/material/razmeshenie_gruzov_na_svh

[11]     Mondal S., Wijewardena K.P., Karuppuswami S., Kriti N., Kumar D., Chahal P. (2019) Blockchain inspired RFID-based information architecture for food supply chain. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 6 (3), 5803-5813.

[12]     Dolgui A., Ivanov D., Ivanova M., Potryasaev S., Sokolov B., Werner F. (2019) Blockchain-oriented dynamic modelling of smart contract design and execution in the supply chain. International Journal of Production Research. DOI: 10.1080/00207543.2019.1627439.

[13]     IMMLA. White paper. International multimodal logistic application.http://immla.io/IMMLA_WP.pdf

[14]     300 cubits. White paper. TEU Token. https://300cubits.tech/

[15]     AXIT. Digitalization in Logistics. A practical guide on the way into the digital world 2016. http://axit.de/images/Whitepaper_Download/AXIT-Expert-Paper_Digitalization- in-Logistics_EN.pdf

[16]     Saberi S., Kouhizadeh M., Sarkis J., Shen L. (2019) Blockchain technology and its relationships to sustainable supply chain management. International Journal of Production Research, 57 (7), 2117-2135.

[17]     Garner, H. Head of Research and Content, eft Global Logistics Report. https://jda.com/-/media/jda/knowledge-center/white- papers/2017-eft-global-logistics-report.ashx

[18]     Zhang, Y. and Wen, J. An (2015) IoT electric business model based on the protocol of Bitcoin, in Intelligence in Next Generation Networks. ICIN.

[19]     Christidis, K. and M. Devetsik (2016) Blockchains and Smart Contracts for the Internet of Things. IEEE Access 4, 2292–2303.

[20]     Mirzabeiki, V. (2013) An overview of freight intelligent transportation systems. International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management.

[21]     Macaulay, J., Buckalew, L., and Chung, G. Internet of things in logistics.www.dpdhl.com/content/dam/dpdhl/presse/pdf/2015/DHLTrendReport_Internet_ of_things.pdf